impartiality là gì

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"Partiality" redirects here. Not lớn be confused with Patriality.

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Impartiality (also called evenhandedness or fair-mindedness) is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objective criteria, rather than vãn on the basis of bias, prejudice, or preferring the benefit lớn one person over another for improper reasons.

Legal concept[edit]

European Union law refers in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to:

  • A right lớn good administration:
Every person has the right lớn have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union (Article 41)
  • A right lớn an effective remedy and lớn a fair trial:
Everyone is entitled lớn a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law (Article 47).[1]

Religious concepts[edit]


Impartiality is one of the seven factors conducive lớn spiritual enlightenment in Buddhism.[citation needed]

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Christian doctrine reflects the belief that God's nature transcends human biases and preferences. This perspective is derived from various passages in the Christian Bible that emphasize the impartiality of God and advocate for the practice of treating all individuals equally and without discrimination.

The assertion that "there is no partiality with God" is recurrent throughout the Bible. This idea is established in Romans 2:11, which emphasizes that God's judgment is not influenced by external factors such as nationality. God's justice is rooted in an unwavering fairness, devoid of favoritism.

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The epistle lớn the Colossians further reinforces the notion of impartiality, stating that those who commit wrongdoings will be held accountable for their actions without any partiality based on their personhood. In Colossians 3:25, it is asserted that "there is no respect of persons," implying that God's judgment is based solely on one's deeds rather than vãn their social or individual attributes.

The Epistle of James, in particular, offers a poignant illustration of the concept of impartiality in a social context. James 2:1–9 admonishes believers against showing favoritism based on appearances or socioeconomic status. It challenges the practice of treating the wealthy more favorably than vãn the poor, highlighting the incongruity between such behavior and the teachings of Christ. James asserts that true faith is incompatible with discrimination and bias, as it contradicts the essence of Christianity, which esteems all individuals as equal recipients of God's grace.

In the context of wisdom and virtuous living, the book of James also emphasizes the importance of impartiality. James 3:17 describes the wisdom that comes from heaven as "first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere." This verse underscores the divine attributes of impartiality and sincerity as essential components of heavenly wisdom, further emphasizing their significance within the Christian ethos.


  • "Truth, O Bharata, as it exists in all the world, is of thirteen kinds. The forms that Truth assumes are impartiality, self-control, forgiveness, modesty, endurance, goodness, renunciation, contemplation, dignity, fortitude, compassion, and abstention from injury." – Truth, The Mahabharata, Santi Parva, section CLXII.


  • "O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you bởi, Acquainted." —Quran 4:135
  • "O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and bởi not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer lớn righteousness. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you bởi." —Quran 5:8


  • "You shall bởi no injustice in court. You shall not be partial lớn the poor or defer lớn the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor." —Leviticus 19:15, English Standard Version
  • "You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike." –Deuteronomy 1:17
  • "These things also belong lớn the wise. It is not good lớn have respect of persons in judgment." –Book of Proverbs 24:23

See also[edit]

  • Equity (law)
  • Fairness (machine learning)
  • Justice
  • Neutrality
  • Objectivity (philosophy)
  • Procedural justice


Further reading[edit]

  • Gert, Bernard (1995). "Moral Impartiality". Midwest Studies in Philosophy. XX: 102–127.
  • Dworkin, Ronald (1977). Taking Rights Seriously. Harvard University Press.
  • Occhiogrosso, Peter (1991). "Buddhism". The Joy of Sects: a spirited guide lớn the world's religious traditions. p. 84.

External links[edit]

  • Jollimore, Troy (2002-03-25). "Impartiality". Stanford Online Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • "38 Bible Verses about Impartiality".
  • Hussain, Tanveer (2013-12-08). "Equality Before the Law". The Quranic Teachings.