newcomer là gì

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Newbie, newb, noob, noobie, n00b or nub is a slang term for a novice or newcomer, or somebody inexperienced in a profession or activity. Contemporary use can particularly refer to tướng a beginner or new user of computers, often concerning Internet activity, such as online gaming[1] or Linux use.[2][3]

The origin of this term is uncertain. Earliest uses probably date to tướng late twentieth century United States Armed Forces jargon, though possible precursor terms are much earlier. Variant forms of the noun include newby and newbie, while the related term noob (often stylized as "n00b") is often used in online gaming.


Etymology of the term is uncertain. It may derive from "newie", which is attested in U.S. and Australian sources of the 1850s, meaning a neophyte in a place or situation; alternatively, it may derive from the British public school slang "new boy" or "new blood", which is attributed to tướng the same era and was applied to tướng a schoolboy in his first term.[4]

In the 1960s and 1970s, the term "newbie" had a limited usage among U.S. troops in the Vietnam War as a slang term for a new man in a unit.[5]

Another use of the term newbee was the moniker given to tướng new U.S. Navy recruit students attending Basic Electricity and Electronics school by more senior students, a requisite course prior to tướng enrollment in the A-school course at Naval Air Technical Training Center, Millington, Tennessee.[citation needed]

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Its earliest known usage on an internet[note 1] may have been on the Usenet newsgroup talk.bizarre.[6] The term is believed to tướng have entered online usage by 1981.[7]

Coming from an oral tradition, the term has various spellings. Among alternative forms are "newby", "nubie", and "newbee" (e.g. Los Angeles Times of August 1985: "It had to tướng vì thế with newbees. I could be wrong on the spelling, but newbies are the rookies among the Blue Angels.").[4]

In 2000, Electronic Arts released The Sims. The game featured a tutorial house with a family called The Newbies.[8]

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In 2009, "noob" was among candidates for the one-millionth English word selection by the Global Language Monitor.[9][10]

Connotations of variants

Different spellings can have quite different connotations; ví in some contexts a "newb" refers to tướng a beginner who is willing to tướng learn,[11] while a "noob" refers disparagingly to tướng an inexperienced or under-talented hacker or gamer who lacks the determination to tướng learn.[11]

The origin of "nub" means "non-usable body" in the context of military submarines. It referred to tướng crew that were too new to tướng contribute, while wasting precious oxygen.

Similar terms in other languages

  • In Korean, the equivalent term is chobo or hasu, the opposite of gosu, meaning "highly skilled".[citation needed]
  • In Chinese, cainiao (simplified Chinese: 菜鸟; traditional Chinese: 菜鳥; pinyin: càiniǎo; lit. 'vegetable bird'). It either originated from Hong Kong[12] or from the Taiwanese army.[citation needed] It became an Internet slang term used in the Chinese-speaking community.

See also

  • FNG, another term for someone new to tướng a unit used in the Vietnam War
  • Luser, a pejorative term for inexperienced computer users


  1. ^ As Usenet predated the Internet (the globally interconnected networks most commonly used as of 2020), 'an internet' here refers to tướng Usenet, which is an interconnected network in itself.


  1. ^ "". Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  2. ^ "". Archived from the original on February 7, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  3. ^ "Ubuntu Forums". Ubuntu Forums. Archived from the original on May 3, 2022. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "newbie Archived March 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine" The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., 1989, OED Online, Oxford University Press, (subscription needed) March 8, 2010.
  5. ^ Entry for newbie in John Robert Elting, Ernest L. Deal, and Dan Cragg, A Dictionary of Soldier Talk, New York: Scribner, 1984, p. 209. ISBN 0-684-17862-1
  6. ^ "Newbie". Jargon File. Archived from the original on February 26, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  7. ^ Dyker, Barbara (June 1, 1988). "Re: some (should-be) ground-rules for submissions to tướng comp.binaries.*". Newsgroup: comp.sys.mac. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  8. ^ Ericka Blye (January 21, 2020). "The Sims: The Longest Existing Families". The Gamer. Webtoon. Archived from the original on February 27, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  9. ^ Moore, Matthew (May 6, 2009). "One millionth English word could be 'defriend' or 'noob'". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  10. ^ "The Global Language Monitor: Millionth Word Finalists Announced". Global Language Monitor. May 29, 2009. Archived from the original on August 24, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2009. N00b – From the Gamer Community; a neophyte in playing a particular game; used as a disparaging term.
  11. ^ a b Broek, Anna Vander (April 23, 2009). "Gamer Speak for Newbs". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  12. ^ 都市汉子 (July 4, 2005). "试论网络语言的基本特点上" [On the Basic Characteristics of Internet Slangs] (in Simplified Chinese). Archived from the original on December 1, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2018.

External links

  • Merriam Webster on Newbie